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Bearings - 2020-10-16

NSK cylindrical roller bearings for small gear and large gear

High-performance bearings from NSK are now operational in the newly developed N700S Shinkansen (bullet train), which from 1 July 2020 began service on the Tokaido Shinkansen line between Tokyo and Osaka. The N700S marks the start of a new era, being the first completely new Shinkansen design from the Central Japan Railway Company in 13 years. NSK bearings underpin the train’s no-compromise focus on safety, stability, comfort and environmental performance.

Bearings for railway applications contribute directly to safe operation and travel. High reliability is key, as is the ability to support elevated speeds, improved energy efficiency and reduced maintenance requirements. The demands placed on railway bearings are especially apparent in bullet trains, which transport large numbers of passengers at high speeds over long distances. Applications of this type call for highly efficient and durable bearings, along with meticulous quality control in all production processes.

The ‘S’ suffix of the new-generation N700S bullet train stands for ‘Supreme’, signifying the progression in design, technology and comfort. High-performance bearings from NSK can be found in the gearbox, axle and traction motor assemblies.

Regarding the gearbox, the N700S is the first Shinkansen to replace helical gears with herringbone gears, which offer increased reliability and lower noise output. Gearbox bearings are subject to intense shocks and vibration, so exhibiting a long operational life under these conditions is a priority. NSK has been supplying tapered roller bearings for helical gears in bullet trains for decades. Drawing on this experience, the company has designed a special flanged cylindrical roller bearing for the N700S’s herringbone gears that delivers longer life, lower heat generation and reduced maintenance compared with the previous generation product.

Further benefits of the gearbox bearings used on the N700S include improved seizure resistance, which has been achieved by optimising the design of areas that do not contact the flange face. In addition, a high-strength machined brass cage optimised with NSK’s proprietary R-pocket technology reduces internal stress in the cage structure.

For the axles, the NSK double-row tapered roller bearings used in the previous Shinkansen have been further improved to deliver even higher reliability and reduce maintenance costs. Lower heat generation leading to longer life is a particular attribute.

Concerning the N700S’s traction motors, NSK cylindrical roller bearings and deep groove ball bearings feature outer rings that are plasma-sprayed with a ceramic coating. This coating increases reliability by preventing any opportunity for electrolytic corrosion, an unwanted effect that occurs due to the transfer of electrical current through the inside of uninsulated bearings.

NSK has been supporting the advancement of the global railway industry since the company first became involved with the sector in 1932. Bearings from NSK are trusted for their world-class safety, high-speed performance, high reliability and efficiency. Today, the company’s products are used by high-speed rail operators throughout Europe. Close ties with partners in the European OEM and aftermarket sectors help create products that bring about notable advances in this important industry.

 

Picture 1): Positions of NSK cylindrical roller bearings for small gear (1) and large gear (2) on the new herringbone gear type (right) - as compared with a conventional helical gear (left)

 

 

Picture 2):  The NSK cylindrical roller bearings used on the small gears (up) and large gears (down) in the N700S gearbox provide longer life and reduced maintenance requirements   

 

 

 

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