Traction motor bearings in rail transport have to be powerful, environmentally friendly and cost-effective. The high weight of rail vehicles and long, maintenance-free operating hours have to be taken into account to guarantee a high degree of reliability and safety. Apart from reducing the weight of the drive train, traction motors in rail transport are subjected to high radial and axial loads as well as the possibility of a strong passage of electrical current and high speeds. In order to meet these requirements, NSK has developed insulated bearings with a ceramic coating and high-strength cages.
Both Cylindrical Roller & Deep Groove Ball Bearings have proven themselves in traction motors for rail vehicles since they are ideal for high speeds and loads and are easy to install and dismantle.
Traction motor bearings often fail on account of damage caused by the passage of current (electro-pitting). To prevent electro-pitting, NSK has developed insulated bearings with a ceramic coating and PPS resin coating. Both of the above solutions provide a high insulating resistance of over 100Mohms with a breakdown voltage in access of 4KV.
High-strength cages were designed to absorb the loads that occur, such as vibrations. Spherical roller ends and bevelled ribs increase the thrust load capacity, and the high quality along with long service life guarantee the safety and reliability of the traction motors.
Operating conditions: radial shock loads and axial loads through swaying movement
Wheelset bearings are subjected to not only radial loads through rail joints and points but also dynamic and static radial loads due to the weight of the vehicle. What’s more, they have to withstand axial loads caused by swaying movements and curves. Since wheelset bearings are subject to this complex combination of loads, both the dimensions of the axle journal and bearing housing as well as the complex load conditions are taken into account during their design.
Rail transport is international. What this means for wheelset bearings is that they are used in a wide variety of conditions such as dirt, moisture and ambient temperatures in different countries. NSK offers wheelset bearings with corresponding sealing solutions as well as different lubricants for these requirements. Tapered Roller Bearings, Spherical Roller Bearings and Cylindrical Roller Bearings are particularly suited for use in wheelsets.
Sealed-Clean Rotating end Cap Tapered Roller Bearings can be ideally integrated to adjacent components and are fitted with innovative seals and end caps to prevent the escape of grease and ingress of water. Common bearing problems can be avoided in this way and maintenance intervals can be prolonged to match the operating life of the wheels themselves. Since axle bearings that come into direct contact with the axle have to be designed for difficult conditions, NSK's Taper Roller Bearing Units are an ideal solution: thanks to their high quality, they offer an outstanding performance, a long service life, are easy to handle and suitable for high speeds. NSK's new Cylindrical Roller Bearings have been specially designed to save weight, being a compact space saving design and can operate at high speeds under oil lubrication.
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